1. Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon
The Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon area is the most mysterious region in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, because of its unique tectonic location, scientists regard it as “keyhole that open the door of the earth’s history”.Brahmaputra Grand Canyon (also named Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon), is the world’s deepest, longest, and highest (river valleys) canyon. Due to the peak and valley is very close, contrast thousands of meters of terrain, make up the world first magnificent scenery. Yarlung Zangbo River, the world highest river, turns south suddenly in Mainling County and cuts the Himalayas Mountain into two sections. Then the river runs through a narrow passage between the two 7,000-meter high peaks of Namjagbarwa and Jialabailei, forming the deepest, narrowest and longest canyon in the world- the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon which stretches 496 km long and averages over 5,000 m deep.
2. Golden Sand River Tiger Leaping Gorge
Tiger Leaping Gorge, one of China’s deepest canyons. It is located in the Yulong Xaxi autonomous county of Yunnan province (formerly named the Lijiang Xaxi autonomous county) Longpan township in northeast China. Canyon is 16 kilometers long, the main peak of Jade Dragon Snow Mountain in the south is 5596 meters above sea level, Zhongdian Snow Mountain in the north is 5396 meters above sea level, the middle of the river only range 30 to 60 meters wide.
3. Yangtze River Three Gorges
The Yangtze River Three Gorges are magnificent landscapes along Yangtze River Grand Canyon, one of the top ten scenic spots in China. It extends from White Emperor City in Fengjie County, Chongqing Municipality to Nanjin Pass in Yichang, Hubei Province, consisting of Qutang Gorge, Wu Gorge and Xiling Gorge, with a full length of 193 km. Qutang gorge, which is located in Chongqing Fengjie; Wu Gorge is located in Chongqing Wushan and Hubei province Enshi Badong county territory; Xiling Gorge is in Zigui county in Yichang.
4. Grand Canyon of Nujiang River
Grand Canyon of Nujiang River is located in the northwest of Yunnan province in the Nujiang Lisu clan autonomous territory, from the point of view of China map; it is just at the position of “chicken ass”. Nujiang river originated in the foothill of the Mount tunggula in Qinghai-Tibet plateau, via Yunnan, from north to south and then go into Burma (called the Salween river in Burma), then enter into the Indian Ocean, the whole length is more than 1540 km.
5. Lancang River Melli Grand Canyon
Lancang River Melli Grand Canyon is located in China’s Yunnan Deqing Diqing, started in the north from Foshan township, south to Yanmen township, 150 kilometers long, is one of the largest local elevation difference in Yunnan province.
6. Taroko Gorge
Taroko Gorge is Taiwan’s famous tourist resort, located in the eastern part of Taiwan’s Hualien county in the northwest, extends for 20 kilometers, is part of the Taroko National Park. On both sides of cliff, the peak is so tall to reach the sky; Mountains and rocks are steep with cragginess; Valley streams water is deep and quiet, known as the three gorges in Taiwan, eight sights for Taiwan Island. The essential stop on Taiwan’s tourist trail, Taroko Gorge splits the east side of the island and is the eastern side of the Central Cross Island Highway. Taroko has survived mining and plans for damming, and now its high marble cliffs are left exclusively for visitors to marvel at.
7. Yellow River Jin-Shan Valley
From the source of Yellow River to upper reaches of Hekou town Togtoh county, Inner Mongolia, and from the lower and middle reaches of Hejin Yumenkou to peach blossom valley, although there also are gorge such as Longyang gorgem Jishi gorge, Liujia gorge and so many famous canyons, but they are all separated by a series of wide valley basin. Only the section from Inner Mongolia Hekou town to Shanxi Yumenkou forms the longest continuous valley in the main stream of the Yellow River – that is Jin-shan Grand Canyon. It is 725 kilometers, flowing through a total of 27 counties and cities with an area of 11.16 square kilometers.
In the Loess Plateau, the valleys are mostly 100 meters more deep, and its narrowest point is only 30 to 50m at Hukou Waterfall. 56% of the total sand carried by Yellow River is taken from this section. Literally, Yellow River becomes truly “Yellow” at this section.
8. Jinkou Great Canyon
The elevation difference between the first and second steps of China’s ‘geological staircase’ is greatest, and is predominantly composed of horizontally stratified hard dolomite. These factors make it one of the most classical examples of a Zhang valley and ravine on China’s large rivers, characterized by near vertical slopes, a deep and narrow floor almost completely taken up by the riverbed.
9. Taihang Mountain Grand Canyon
There are diverse landscape, with total of gorge landscape, waterscape, mountain, stone, tree view, 44 places of historic interest, and more than 400 attractions in Taihang Mountain Grand Canyon. Taihang Grand Canyon is not only charming natural scenery, human landscape is also interesting. The culture is very deep here, Confucius story, two fairy story have a long history. Taihang Mountain Grand Canyon National Forest Park is located in the east of Huguan county area between the two provinces of Shanxi and Henan, north from Hugaun 30 kilometers from the county. And Taihang Mountain Grand Canyon has been rated as one of “China’s best ten grand canyons”.
10.Tianshan Grand Canyon
Tianshan Grand Canyon is really worthy of sightseeing, scientifically exploring and ancient civilization studying. Tianshan mysterious canyon combines with deep, remote, static as a whole that people who are personally on the scene all praise it. Grand Canyon is composed of reddish-brown vast mountain group, uyghur called “Keziliya” means red cliff, actually it is formed by one hundred million years of wind and rain erosion, flash flood scouring, is rare natural dry land places of scenic spot in China.
These are the top 10 most famous great canyons in China. In these places, you can feel the majestic beauty of nature.